Black Incarceration: The Law Enforcement Assistance Act, the Rockefeller Drug Laws, Mass Encarceration and More

(05-29-2018, updated 07-16-2018)  The history of crime in inner-city black neighborhoods and the response by law enforcement over time have seemingly made it a chicken-egg matter. Seemingly. I explained how inner city  black neighborhoods came into being to begin with. From the start cities responded to crime in black neighborhoods differently than in white areas.

Black Slavery: The Source of White Real Estate and Power

(05-16-2018, updated 07-08-2018) To discuss race and real estate, we must go back the beginning of white land use in America. Slavery gave the white South land ownership, labor, currency, collateral and political clout. The wealth and power of the large plantation owners -- the richest and largest property owners in the country --depended entirely on the number of slaves they owned.

Racial Discrimination in Housing

(05-1-2018, updated 07-08-2018)  How Segregated Housing Policies and Redlining Led to Racial Housing Disparity. How did we get to so many impoverished black neighborhoods, especially inner-city neighborhoods? It wasn't inevitable. A brief history of black housing. 

Racial disparity in America: How Do Whites Hold Blacks Back?

(05-07-2018, updated 07-11-2018)  Institutional Racism, Past and Present. A question I saw on Facebook, "What have whites done, since slavery, to prevent blacks from succeeding? Why do we owe them anything?" This series explores centuries of institutional racism, the many creative ways that whites have systematically excluded blacks from the American dream.