black history, reconstruction, institutional racism, Racial inequality in America, Reconstruction, Black Code,,, Jim Crow, ,,Institutionalized racism, how whites hold blacks back, black history, black poverty, racial wealth gap, housing inequality, black incarceration

Racial disparity: Institutional Racism from Black Codes to the Present

Institutional racism didn't end in 1865. The present racial disparity is the result of segregation policies starting with black codes, then Jim Crow; some that lasted well into the 1970s, others that have been created since and are in place today ... Read More
federal army presence, reconstruction era, Southern states, Southern whites, rebuilding Southern infrastructure, temporary mayors, temporary governors, segregation, segregated society, separate water fountains, General E. Lee surrenders to general Ulysses S. Grant, post-civil war era, reconstruction, black code, Jim crow era, Jim crow, Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Charles B. Rutherford, carpetbaggers, scalawags, African-American history, African American history, black history, civil rights movement, Ku Klux Klan, intimidation by the KKK, right to vote, black mayors, black state representatives, black federal representatives

The Reconstruction: Federal Army, Carpetbaggers, and Blacks in Office

Then, in 1875, federal army and the carpetbaggers leave, the KKK wins, Black Codes are put in place and the Jim Crow era begins. The Reconstruction is barely even mentioned in history textbooks ... Read More